Technical Discussion - Water

Aquatic systems stressed by unnatural water cycling, nutrient spikes, and altered shoreline and riparian habitat have a reduced capacity to decompose organic matter, cycle nutrients, and maintain the water quality required to harbour a healthy aquatic ecosystem. By increasing or boosting the populations of naturally occurring bacteria, the cycling of nutrients and the rate of organic decomposition can once again be regained, while other avenues are pursued to remediate the causes of stress upon the aquatic system.

Compared to other bacterial products, AAG’s bio-products have a much higher cell count per gallon (700 billion) and incorporate a patented incubation process to enhance the growth rate of the nitrifiers. PondPerfect, EcoBac, and the EcoSocks utilize nutrients in the water, convert carbon compounds (sludge) to C02; denitrification occurs under anaerobic conditions (NO3 to N02, to N2), and nitrification occurs under aerobic conditions (NH3 to N02 to N03). This cycle is boosted with the use of AAG’s bio-products. The result is a reduction in sludge levels and nutrients that are available for algae and other aquatic plant growth.

When a lake has significant organic sediment, this creates an anaerobic environment that is conducive to pathogen growth. As our approach slowly digests organic sediment, there is a sequential process that occurs:

  • Digestion of sludge

  • Release of soluble organics and nutrients

  • Uptake of nutrients

  • Mineralization of nutrients (conversion of nutrients to CO2 and water)

  • Achievement of a new level of “average water quality”

  • New short term homeostasis of microorganisms with respect to the improved water quality

Enhanced Nitrification

Nitrifying bacteria consume inorganic N and C for cell growth, and they also use P as part of their reproduction process. As such, they compete with algae for these nutrients. Nitrifying bacteria are at a disadvantage relative to algae for these reasons:

  •  Nitrifying bacteria have long growth periods compared to other bacteria and are therefore prone to washout or loss in a competitive population with algae due to slow reproduction rate

  • Sunlight increase algal growth rate, while it reduces the rate of nitrifier reproduction

  • The presence of benthic microalgae is proven to suppress activity of both nitrifiers and denitrifiers, thus the need for supplementation during periods of excess algae growth.

AAG has particular capabilities in manufacturing extremely concentrated liquid solutions of live nitrifying bacteria with a long shelf life while in the bottle (greater than two years at room temperature). The nitrifying products supplement the ponds with nitrifiers and denitrifiers, which are known