Description & Signifigance
Nitrobacter winogradsky can be found living in many soils, natural stones as well as both freshwater and saltwater. They have many differing rod-shaped cells that divide through polar swelling. Along with having two membranes, it has flagella and contains an asymmetrical membrane system, carboxysomes along with intracellular inclusion bodies. It can grow in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions with nitrate as its electron acceptor during anoxic conditions. Heterotrophic growth in this bacteria is not very efficient and all KREB cycle acids are present. It is important to sequence the genome of Nitrobacter winogradskyi to understand the relationship between itself and other bacteria involved in the nitrogen cycle in order to improve nitrogen management.
Nitrobacter winogradskyi has a circular DNA chromosome with a length of 3,402,093 bp encoding 3,143 predicted proteins. The genome is made up of around 62% GC pairs. 2566 were assigned a role in categories.